Shifting spreads keeping you guessing?
Just as a chameleon will change to match a variety of backgrounds, in the currency market spread will invariably change to match market events. Here at the Apiary Fund, the ECN style market structure shows constantly changing spreads throughout the day. Spreads are either set naturally (by pending orders in the market) or, if the market is not liquid, set by the liquidity provider.
Since spreads will widen or shrink often, it is common to see them fluctuate during the open or close of trading sessions. This makes sense because the open and close of each trading session are usually the most volatile. Spreads will also adjust for
-Uncertainty in the direction of prices
-Changes in liquidity
Liquidity providers use spread to help manage risk by either encouraging or discouraging the trading of the liquidity provider’s currency inventory. For example, if a liquidity provider wants to move inventory, they might narrow the spread to encourage trading; similarly, if they want to retain inventory, they might increase the spread to discourage trading in that currency. The magnitude of the spread indicates the degree to which a liquidity provider wants to encourage or discourage trading. Obviously, during uncertain times of high volatility and news events, it’s common to see spreads widen–sometimes significantly!
While spreads will always vary, by knowing why they’re changing you’re showing that you understand what’s moving the market. If you can understand spread changes, you’re one step closer to really knowing how to trade. You will be acting instead of reacting. Now see if you can predict where the next shift will be!